Modigraf 0.2 mg, granules for oral suspension Modlgraf 1 mg, granules for oral suspension
1. WHAT MODIGRAF IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
Modigraf is an immunosuppressant. Following your organ transplant (e.g. liver, kidney, heart), your body’s immune system will try to reject the new organ. Modigraf is used to control your body’s immune response enabling your body to accept the transplanted organ.
You may also be given Modigraf for an ongoing rejection of your transplanted liver, kidney, heart or other organ or if any previous treatment you were taking was unable to control this immune response after your transplantation.
2. BEFORE YOU TAKE MODIGRAF
Do not take Modigraf
- If you are allergic (hypersensitive) to tacrolimus or any of the other ingredients of Modigraf.
- If you are allergic (hypersensitive) to sirolimus (another substance used to prevent rejection of your transplanted organ) or to any macrolide antibiotic (e.g. erythromycin, clarithromycin, josamycin).
Take special care with Modigraf
Tell your doctor if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are taking any medicines mentioned below under ‘Using other medicines’.
- if you have or have had liver problems.
- if you have diarrhoea for more than one day.
- if you need to receive any vaccinations. Your doctor may need to adjust your dose of Modigraf.
You should keep in regular contact with your doctor. From time to time, your doctor may need to do blood, urine, heart, eye tests, to set the right dose of Modigraf.
You should limit your exposure to the sun and UV (ultraviolet) light whilst taking Modigraf.
This is because immunosuppressants could increase the risk of skin cancer. Wear appropriate protective clothing and use a sunscreen with a high sun protection factor.
Using other medicines
Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription and herbal preparations.
It is not recommended that Modigraf is taken with ciclosporin. Modigraf blood levels can be affected by other medicines you take, and blood levels of other medicines can be affected by taking Modigraf, which may require an increase or decrease in Modigraf dose. In particular, you should tell your doctor if you are taking or have recently taken medicines like:
- antifungal medicines and antibiotics, particularly so-called macrolide antibiotics, used to treat infections e.g.
- ketoconazole, fluconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole, clotrimazole, erythromycin, clarithromycin, josamycin, and
- HIV protease inhibitors (e.g. ritonavir), used to treat HIV infection
- medicines for stomach ulcer and acid reflux (e.g. omeprazol, lansoprazol or cimetidine)
- anti-emetics, used to treat nausea and vomiting (e.g. metoclopramide)
- cisapride or the antacid magnesium-aluminium-hydroxide, used to treat heartburn the contraceptive pill, hormone treatments with ethinylestradiol, or hormone treatments with danazol
- medicines used to treat high blood pressure or heart problems (e.g. nifedipine, nicardipine, diltiazem and verapamil)
- medicines known as “statins” used to treat elevated cholesterol and triglycerides
- phenytoin or phenobarbital, used to treat epilepsy
- the corticosteroids prednisolone and methylprednisolone, belonging to the class of corticosteroids used to treat
- inflammations or suppress the immune system (e.g. in transplant rejection)
- nefazodone, used to treat depression
- Herbal preparations containing St. John’s Wort (Hypericum perforatum)
Tell your doctor if you are taking or need to take ibuprofen, amphotericin B or antivirals (e.g. aciclovir). These may worsen kidney or nervous system problems when taken together with Modigraf.
Your doctor also needs to know if you are taking potassium supplements or certain diuretics used for heart failure, hypertension and kidney disease, (e.g. amiloride, triamterene, or spironolactone), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, e.g. ibuprofen) used for fever, inflammation and pain, anticoagulants (blood thinners), or oral medicines for diabetes, while you take Modigraf.
If you need to have any vaccinations, please tell your doctor before.
Taking Modigraf with food and drink
Take Modigraf on an empty stomach or 2 to 3 hours after a meal. Wait at least 1 hour until the next meal. Avoid grapefruit (also as juice) while on treatment with Modigraf, since it can affect its levels.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
If you are, think you might be or are planning to become pregnant, ask your doctor for advice before using Modigraf. Modigraf passes into breast milk. Therefore, you should not breast-feed whilst using Modigraf.
Driving and using machines
Do not drive or use any tools or machines if you feel dizzy or sleepy, or have problems seeing clearly after taking Modigraf. These effects are more frequent if you also drink alcohol.
Important Information about some of the Ingredients of Modigraf
Modigraf contains lactose (milk sugar). If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, contact your doctor before taking this medicine.
3. HOW TO TAKE MODIGRAF
Always take Modigraf exactly as your doctor has told you. You should check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
Make sure that you receive the same tacrolimus medicine every time you collect your prescription, unless your transplant specialist has agreed to change to a different tacrolimus medicine.
This medicine should be taken twice a day. If the appearance of this medicine is not the same as usual, or if dosage instructions have changed, speak to your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible to make sure that you have the right medicine.
The starting dose to prevent the rejection of your transplanted organ will be determined by your doctor calculated according to your body weight. Initial doses just after transplantation will generally be in the range of 0.075 – 0.30 mg per kg body weight per day depending on the transplanted organ.
Your dose depends on your general condition and on which other immunosuppressive medication you are taking.
Following the initiation of your treatment with Modigraf, frequent blood tests will be taken by your doctor to define the correct dose and to adjust the dose from time to time. Your doctor will usually reduce your Modigraf dose once your condition has stabilised. Your doctor will tell you exactly how many sachets to take.
You will need to take Modigraf every day as long as you need immunosuppression to prevent rejection of your transplanted organ. You should keep in regular contact with your doctor.
Modigraf is taken orally twice daily, usually in the morning and evening. See also “Taking Modigraf with food and drink”.
How to prepare the Modigraf sachets for use?
Your doctor will advise you on the number of sachets that you need to open and the volume of water that is required to make a suspension. For accurate measuring the volume of water you can use a syringe or graduated cylinder.
Carefully open the prescribed number of sachets, e.g. with a pair of scissors.
Pour the prescribed volume of water (at room temperature) into a glass or cup, up to a maximum of 50 ml. Place the cup with water on a stable surface. Do not use cups or spoons that are made of PVC (polyvinylchloride) to take Modigraf because the active substance in Modigraf may stick to PVC.
Open the sachet at the point indicated with an arrow. Hold the opened sachet between thumb and index finger above the cup with the open side of the sachet facing downwards. Gently tap on the closed end of the sachet and pour the contents of each sachet into the glass or cup containing the water. Do not use any utensils or liquids to empty the sachet. If you follow these instructions, you will get the right amount of granules from the sachet. It is normal that some granules stay behind; the sachet was designed that way.
Stir, or swirl gently until the granules have been suspended completely. The suspension can be drawn up with a syringe or swallowed directly by the patient. The liquid has a sweet taste. Rinse the glass or cup once with the same amount of water and drink this, too. The liquid should be drunk immediately after preparation.
If you take more Modigraf than you should
If you have accidentally taken too much Modigraf, contact your doctor or nearest hospital emergency department immediately.
If you forget to take Modigraf
Do not take a double dose to make up for forgotten individual doses.
If you have forgotten to take your Modigraf, wait until it is time for the next dose, and then continue as before.
If you stop taking Modigraf
Stopping your treatment with Modigraf may increase the risk of rejection of your transplanted organ. Do not stop your treatment unless your doctor tells you to do so.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
4. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all medicines, Modigraf can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Modigraf reduces your body’s defence mechanism (immune system), which will not be as good at fighting infections. Therefore, you may be more prone to infections while you are taking Modigraf.
Severe effects may occur, including allergic and anaphylactic reactions (a very serious type of allergic reaction with fainting and difficulty breathing, which needs immediate medical attention). Benign and malignant tumours have been reported following Modigraf treatment.
Possible side effects are listed according to the following categories: very common: affects more than 1 user in 10 common: affects 1 to 10 users in 100 uncommon: affects 1 to 10 users in 1,000 rare: affects 1 to 10 users in 10,000 very rare: affects less than 1 user in 10,000 not known: frequency cannot be estimated from the available data.
Very common side effects:
- Increased blood sugar, diabetes mellitus, increased potassium in the blood
- Difficulty in sleeping
- Trembling, headache
- Increased blood pressure
- Liver function tests abnormal
- Diarrhoea, nausea
- Kidney problems
Common side effects:
- Reduction in blood cell counts (platelets, red or white blood cells). increase in white blood cell counts, changes in red blood cell counts (seen in blood tests)
- Reduced magnesium, phosphate, potassium, calcium or sodium in the blood, fluid overload, increased uric acid or lipids in the blood, decreased appetite, increased acidity of the blood, other changes in the blood salts (seen in blood tests)
- Anxiety symptoms, confusion and disorientation, depression, mood changes, nightmare, hallucination, mental disorders
- Fits, disturbances in consciousness, tingling and numbness (sometimes painful) in the hands and feet, dizziness. impaired writing ability, nervous system disorders
- Blurred vision, increased sensitivity to light, eye disorders
- Ringing sound in your ears
- Reduced blood flow in the heart vessels, faster heartbeat
- Bleeding, partial or complete blocking of blood vessels, reduced blood pressure
- Shortness in breath, changes in the lung tissue, collection of liquid around the lung, inflammation of the throat, cough.
- flu-like symptoms
- Stomach problems such as inflammation or ulcer causing abdominal pain or diarrhoea, bleeding in the stomach.
- inflammation or ulcer in the mouth, collection of fluid in the belly, vomiting, abdominal pain, indigestion, constipation.
- passing wind, bloating, loose stools
- Bile duct disorders, yellowing of the skin due to liver problems, liver tissue damage and inflammation of the liver
- Itching, rash, hair loss, acne, increased sweating
- Pain in joints, limbs or back, muscle cramps
- Insufficient function of the kidneys, reduced production of urine, impaired or painful urination
- General weakness, fever, collection of fluid in your body, pain and discomfort, increase of the enzyme alkaline
- phosphatase in your blood, weight gain, feeling of temperature disturbed Insufficient function of your transplanted organ
Uncommon side effects:
- Changes in blood clotting, reduction in the number of all types of blood cells (seen in blood tests)
- Dehydration, inability to urinate
- Abnormal blood test results: reduced protein or sugar, increased phosphate, increase of the enzyme lactate
- Coma, bleeding in the brain, stroke, paralysis, brain disorder, speech and language abnormalities, memory problems
- Clouding of the eye lens, impaired hearing
- Irregular heartbeat, stop of heartbeat, reduced performance of your heart, disorder of the heart muscle, enlargement
- of the heart muscle, stronger heartbeat, abnormal ECG, heart rate and pulse abnormal
- Blood clot in a vein of a limb, shock
- Difficulties in breathing, respiratory tract disorders, asthma
- Obstruction of the gut, increased blood level of the enzyme amylase, reflux of stomach content in your throat, delayed
- emptying of the stomach
- Inflammation of the skin, burning sensation in the sunlight
- Joint disorders
- Painful menstruation and abnormal menstrual bleeding
- Failure of some organs, flu-like illness, increased sensitivity to heat and cold, feeling of pressure on your chest, jittery or abnormal feeling, weight loss
Rare side effects:
- Small bleedings in your skin due to blood clots
- Increased muscle stiffness
- Blindness, deafness
- Collection of fluid around the heart
- Acute breathlessness
- Cyst formation in your pancreas
- Problems with blood flow in the liver
- Serious illness with blistering of skin, mouth, eyes and genitals; increased hairiness
- Thirst, fall, feeling of tightness in your chest, decreased mobility, ulcer
Very rare side effects:
- Muscular weakness
- Abnormal heart scan
- Liver failure
- Painful urination with blood in the urine Increase of fat tissue
If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
5. HOW TO STORE MODIGRAF
Keep out of the reach and sight of children.
Do not use Modigraf after the expiry date which is stated on the carton and sachet after EXP The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
This medicinal product does not require any special temperature storage conditions.
After preparation, the suspension should be taken immediately.
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Askyour pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures will help to protect the environment.
6. FURTHER INFORMATION
What Modigraf contains
The active substance is tacrolimus.
Each sachet of Modigraf 0.2 mg granules contains 0.2 mg of tacrolimus (as monohydrate).
Each sachet of Modigraf 1 mg granules contains 1 mg of tacrolimus (as monohydrate).
The other ingredients are: lactose monohydrate, hypromellose (E464) and croscarmellose sodium (E468).
What Modigraf looks like and contents of the pack
Modigraf granules for oral suspension are white granules supplied in sachets. Packs containing 50 sachets are available.