Protium i.v. 40 mg powder for solution for injection. Pantoprazole
What Protium is and what it is used for
Protium is a selective “proton pump inhibitor”, a medicine which reduces the amount of acid produced in your stomach. It is used for treating acid-related diseases of the stomach and intestine. This preparation is injected into a vein and will only be given to you if your doctor thinks pantoprazole injections are more suitable for you at the moment than pantoprazole tablets. Tablets will replace your injections as soon as your doctor sees fit.
Protium is used for treating:
- Reflux oesophagitis. An inflammation of your oesophagus (the tube which connects your throat to your stomach) accompanied by the regurgitation of stomach acid
- Stomach and duodenal ulcers.
- Zollinger-Ellison-Syndrome and other conditions producing too much acid in the stomach.
Before you use Protium
Do not use Protium
- If you are allergic (hypersensitive) to pantoprazole or any of the other ngredients of Protium (see section 6)
- If you are allergic to medicines containing other proton pump inhibitors.
Take special care with Protium
- If you have severe liver problems. Please tell your doctor if you ever had problems with your liver in the past. He will check your liver enzymes more frequently. In the case of a rise of liver enzymes the treatment should be stopped.
- If you are taking a medicine containing atazanavir (for the treatment of HIV-nfection) at the same time as pantoprazole, ask your doctor for specific advice.
Tell your doctor immediately if you notice any of the following symptoms:
- an unintentional loss of weight
- repeated vomiting
- difficulty in swallowing
- vomiting blood
- you look pale and feel weak (anaemia)
- you notice blood in your stools
- severe and/or persistent diarrhoea, as Protium has been associated with a smal ncrease in infectious diarrhoea
Your doctor may decide that you need some tests to rule out malignant disease because pantoprazole also alleviates the symptoms of cancer and could cause delay in diagnosing it. If your symptoms continue in spite of your treatment, further investigations will be considered.
Taking other medicines
Protium injections may influence the effectiveness of other medicines, so tell your doctor if you are taking
- Medicines such as ketoconazole, itraconazole and posaconazole (used to treat fungal infections) or erlotinib (used for certain types of cancer) because Protium may stop these and other medicines from working properly.
- Warfarin and phenprocoumon, which affect the thickening, or thinning of the blood. You may need further checks
- Atazanavir (used to treat HIV-infection).
Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
There are no adequate data from the use of pantoprazole in pregnant women. Excretion into human milk has been reported. If you are pregnant, or think you may be pregnant, or if you are breast-feeding, you should use this medicine only if your doctor considers the benefit for you greater than the potential risk for your unborn child or baby. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine
Driving and using machines
If you experience side effects like dizziness or disturbed vision, you should not drive or operate machines.
Important information about some of the ingredients of Protium
This medicine contains less than 1 mmol sodium (23 mg) per vial, i.e. is essentially ‘sodium- free’.
How to use Protium
Your nurse or your doctor will administer the daily dose to you as an injection into a vein over a period of 2 – 15 minutes.
The usual dose is:
- For gastric ulcers, duodenal ulcers and reflux oesophagitis.
- One vial (40 mg pantoprazole) a day.
- For the long-term treatment of Zollinger-Ellison syndrome and other conditions in which too much stomach acid is produced.
- Two vials (80 mg pantoprazole) a day.
Your doctor may later adjust the dose, depending on the amount of stomach acid you produce. If you are prescribed more than two vials (80 mg) a day, the injections will bei given in two equal doses. Your doctor may1 prescribe a temporary dose of more than four -vials (160 mg) a day. If your stomach acid level! needs to be controlled rapidly, a starting dose: of 160 mg (four vials) should be enough to lower the amount of stomach acid sufficiently.
Special patient groups:
- If you suffer from severe liver problems, the daily injection should be only 20 mg (half a vial).
- Children (under 18 years). These injections are not recommended for use in children
If you use more Protium than you should
These doses are carefully checked by your nurse or your doctor so an overdose is extremely unlikely. There are no known symptoms of overdose
If you have any further questions about the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Possible side effects
Like all medicines, Protium can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them
The frequency of possible side effects isted below is defined using the following convention:
very common (affects more than 1 user in 10) common (affects 1 to 10 users in 100) uncommon (affects 1 to 10 users in 1,000) rare (affects 1 to 10 users in 10,000) very rare (affects less than 1 user in 10,000) not known (frequency cannot be estimated from the available data)
If you get any of the following side effects, tell your doctor immediately, or contact the casualty department at your nearest hospital:
- Serious allergic reactions (frequency rare): swelling of the tongue and/or throat, difficulty in swallowing, hives (nettle rash), difficulties in breathing, allergic facial swelling (Quincke’s oedema / angioedema), severe dizziness with very fast heartbeat and heavy sweating.
- Serious skin conditions (frequency not known): blistering of the skin and rapid deterioration of your general condition, erosion (including slight bleeding) of eyes, nose, mouth/lips or genitals (Stevens-Johnson-Syndrome, Lyell-Syndrome, Erythema multiforme) and sensitivity to light.
- Other serious conditions (frequency i not known): yellowing of the skin or 1 whites of the eyes (severe damage to liver cells, jaundice) or fever, rash, and enlarged kidneys sometimes with painful urination and lower back pain (serious inflammation of the kidneys).
Other side effects are
- Common (affects 1 to 10 users in 100) nflammation of the wall of the vein and blood clotting (thrombophlebitis) where the medicine is injected.
- Uncommon (affects 1 to 10 users in 1,000) headache; dizziness; diarrhoea; feeling sick, vomiting; bloating and flatulence (wind); constipation; dry mouth; abdominal pain and discomfort; skin rash, exanthema, eruption; itching; feeling weak, exhausted or generally unwell; sleep disorders.
- Rare (affects 1 to 10 users in 10,000) disturbances in vision such as blurred vision; hives; pain in the joints; muscle pains; weight changes; raised body temperature; swelling of the extremities (peripheral oedema); allergic reactions; depression; breast enlargement in males
- Very Rare (affects lessthan 1 user in 10,000) disorientation
- Not known (frequency cannot be estimated from the available data) Hallucination, confusion (especially in patients with a history of these symptoms); decreased sodium level in blood.
Side effects identified through blood tests:
- Uncommon (affects 1 to 10 users in 1,000) an increase in liver enzymes.
- Rare (affect 1 to 10 users in 10,000) an increase in bilirubin; increased fats in the blood.
- Very Rare (affects less than 1 user in 10,000)
a reduction in the number of blood platelets, which may cause you to bleed or bruise more than normal; a reduction in the number of white blood cells, which may lead to more frequent infections
If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
How to store Protium
Keep out of the reach and sight of children
Do not use Protium after the expiry date, which is stated on the carton and the via after EXP.
The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Do not store above 25 °C.
Keep the vial in the outer carton in order to protect it from light.
Use the reconstituted solution within 12 hours.
Use the reconstituted and diluted solution within 12 hours
From a microbiological point of view, the product should be used immediately. If not used immediately, in-use storage times and conditions prior to use are the responsibility of the user and would normally not be longer than 12 hours at not more than 25 °C.
Do not use Protium if you notice that the visual appearance has changed (e.g. if cloudiness or precipitation is observed).
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures will help to protect the environment.
What Protium contains
- The active substance is pantoprazole. Each vial contains 40 mg of pantoprazole (as sodium sesquihydrate).
- The other ingredients are: disodium edetate and sodium hydroxide (for pH adjustment).
What Protium looks like and contents of the pack
Protium is a white to off-white powder for solution for injection. It comes in a 10 ml clear glass vial closed with an aluminium cap and grey rubber stopper containing 40 mg powder for solution for injection.
Protium is available in the following pack sizes:
Pack with 1 vial Pack with 5 (5×1) vials. Hospital pack with 1 vial. Hospital pack with 5 (5×1) vials. Hospital pack with 10 (10×1) vials. Hospital pack with 20 (20×1) vials
|Name of Member State||Name of the medicine|
|Austria||Pantoloc 40 mg Trocken-stechampulle, Zurcal 40 mg Trockenstechampulle|
|Belgium||Pantozol IV, Zurcale IV|
|Czech Republic||Controloc i.v.|
|Finland||Somac 40 mg powder for solution for injection|
|France||Eupantol 40 mg poudre pour solution injectable IV, Inipomp 40 mg|
|Germany||Pantozol i.v, Pantoloc i.v, Pantoprazol-Byki.v|
|Greece||Controloc i.v, Zurcazol i.v.|
|Poland||Controloc 40 mg|
|Slovenia||Controloc 40 mg prasek za raztopino za injiciranje|
|Spain||Anagastra 40 mg polvo para solucion inyectable I.V.|
|United Kingdom||Protium i.v.|