The hepatitis D virus was discovered in Italy by Mario Rizzetto in 1977 during an investigation of the distribution of the Hepatitis B virus antigens in liver biopsy specimens of patients chronically infected with Hepatitis B virus. He described a new antigen in the nuclei of infected hepatocytes that was obligatorily associated with hepatitis B surface antigen. This new antigen was named delta.
Hepatitis B is a leading cause of chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Transmission of hepatitis B in the United States occurs predominantly through contact with infected blood products or body secretions (saliva, vaginal fluids, and semen) or…
Viral hepatitis refers to the clinically important hepatotrophic viruses responsible for hepatitis A, hepatitis B, delta hepatitis, hepatitis C, and hepatitis E. Viral hepatitis has acute, fulminant, and chronic clinical forms defined by duration or severity of infection.