Author: Jennifer Bowles

Jennifer is a clinical pharmacologist. She helps doctors of all medical specialties choose medications. Jennifer consults about drug dosage, interactions, and side effects.

Propecia

Finasteride is used to treat androgenic alopecia. Finasteride – instructions for use, doses, side effects. Benefits of using Finasteride and the effectiveness of the drug.

Stromectol

Stromectol (Ivermectin) has entered human history as a means of salvation from diseases caused by parasites. Stromectol is used to treat the negative effects caused by parasites that have penetrated in animals or humans.

Neurontin

Gabapentin is most often used to treat epilepsy and painful conditions; however, there are many other uses of this drug as well. It comes as tablets, capsules, and liquids. The substance can also be given to cats and dogs.

Nolvadex

Whether to take tamoxifen and undergo chemotherapy is among the decisions made by women with breast cancer. The benefits of these treatments outweigh the risks – in particular, the possibility of a stroke? This study compared the use of tamoxifen and chemotherapy in 179 women who had a stroke after they were diagnosed with breast cancer and in 353 survivors of breast cancer of the same age who did not have a stroke.

Imuran

Imuran tablets contain a medicine called azathioprine. This belongs to a group of medicines called immunosuppressants.

Keppra

More than 2 million people in the US have some form of epilepsy. Seventy percent of them are adults.

Tofranil

Prescribing Information for Imipramine (Tofranil). Concurrent Treatment and Alternatives.

Prograf

Even though immunosuppressive agents such as azathioprine (Glax-oSmithKline’s Imuran, generics) and cyclosporine (Novartis’ Sandimmune/Neoral, generics) have been used for decades to treat the signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, development of novel agents in this class for rheumatoid arthritis has been sluggish because of efficacy and safety concerns that have arisen in clinical trials of agents under development. Nonetheless, companies are pursuing development of immunosuppressive therapies. Immunosuppressants function through a variety of mechanisms, but they generally target key immunologic processes and molecules.

Requip

The first double-blind, placebo-controlled study of Requip in patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS) showed the drug led to significant improvement in the periodic leg movements (PLMS) of sleep. The primary outcome measure was to determine whether the number of leg movements per hour in NREM sleep was reduced in patients treated with Requip vs. placebo-treated patients. Patients with primary RLS (n=31) were started on 0.25 mg/dose of Requip administered in the evening, and then maintained at that dosage for 2 weeks.

Lopid

It works by reducing fats (lipids) known as bad cholesterol (LDL) and triglycehdes in your blood while increasing good cholesterol (HDL). It decreases your chances of getting heart disease, angina (chest pain), strokes, and heart attacks.

Zocor

Zocor Heart-Pro is a medicine which is used to reduce the risk of a first heart attack in people who have a moderate risk of coronary heart disease (heart disease caused by a build up of plaques in the coronary arteries). Moderate risk means that your chances of having a heart attack in the next 10 years are at least 1 in 10 (10%). The tablets contain simvastatin, which belongs to a group of medicines known as statins.

Fosamax

Oral Tablets: White round uncoated (5mg), White oval wax polished (10mg), White oval uncoated (35mg), White triangular uncoated (40mg), White oval uncoated (70mg) tablets (Merck Frosst Brand). Other brands may have different appearances.

Lasix

Small white or yellow tablets, with 20mg or 40mg of Furosemide. Clear fluid for injection into the bloodstream.

Tylenol

This medication may be used to relieve pain and reduce fever, but not to relieve stiffness or swelling. Acetaminophen (Tylenol or Paracetemol) is an analgesic-antipyretic with few side effects when taken in therapeutic doses in most individuals.

Paxil

A study has found that paroxetine (Paxil/ SmithKline Beecham) effectively reduced depression in patients without affecting cardiac function. The patients in the study were administered either paroxetine, an SSRI, nortriptyline or placebo. Of the 41 patients taking nortriptyline, heart rates increased by 11% and 7 of the patients dropped out of the study because of potentially serious cardiovascular side effects, such as angina and sinus tachycardia.

Nexium

Nearly 60 million Americans experience symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). A class of drugs called “proton pump inhibitors” (PPIs), introduced in the late 1980s, has vastly improved the treatment of GERD. Check the latest information about Nexium (Esomeprazole magnesium).

Zomig

Zolmitriptan should also be avoided in patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome or arrhythmias associated with accessory cardiac conduction pathways. It should be given with caution in patients with moderate to severe hepatic impairment.

Protonix

Pantoprazole is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) medication that reduces stomach acid production. It is prescribed for treating conditions where excess stomach acid can cause problems, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), peptic ulcers, and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Pantoprazole helps alleviate heartburn, acid regurgitation, and stomach pain.

Aromasin

The most frequently reported adverse effects for exemestane are gastrointestinal disturbances, hot flushes, arthralgia, myalgia, sweating, fatigue, and dizziness. Other reported effects include headache, insomnia, somnolence, depression, skin rashes, alopecia, asthenia, and peripheral and leg oedema.

Amoxil

Amoxicillin Capsules contain amoxicillin as the active ingredient which belongs to a class of antibiotics called ‘penicillins’. The capsules are used to treat infections caused by bacteria that are susceptible to amoxicillin. These include: bronchitis, pneumonia, middle ear, gynaecological, urinary tract, skin (e.g. cellulitis), meningitis, typhoid, dental abscess, blood poisoning, heart inflammation.